Michigan adoption laws


MICHIGAN ADOPTION LAWS & STATUTES

Each state maintains its own adoption policies, so the process can vary considerably for families, from state to state. Learn all about the legal guidelines for families adopting in Michigan, whether you’re adopting a newborn through domestic, private adoption, an infant or older child from U.S. foster care adoption, or an infant, toddler, or older child through international adoption. Find answers to the most common questions about Michigan adoptions.

WHO CAN ADOPT IN MICHIGAN?

Any individual or a married couple jointly.

Can LGBT families adopt? Same-sex couples may face legal restrictions when petitioning for joint adoption.

MICHIGAN DOMESTIC ADOPTION LAWS

Can adoptive parents advertise for birth parents? Yes.

Can out-of-state residents finalize an adoption? Yes.

Can adopting parents use an adoption facilitator or another paid intermediary? Yes, a child-placing agency or an adoption attorney may assist in the placement of a child.

What birth parent expenses may be paid, and in what time period? Medical not covered by insurance or Medicaid, legal, counseling, reasonable and necessary living. 6 weeks post-partum. No caps or preauthorization.

Is there a putative father registry? No.

When can consent to adoption be granted? Any time after birth, but it must be given during a court hearing, which must be scheduled.

 When does consent become irrevocable? If consent is revoked, is return to birth parent automatic? Consents are not “revoked.” Parents have time to ask for reconsideration, but it is rarely granted and “a change of mind” is insufficient. If it is granted, return usually automatic.

Are post-adoption contact agreements legally enforceable? Not addressed in state statutes.

MICHIGAN INTERNATIONAL ADOPTION LAWS

Is a foreign adoption decree automatically recognized by the state? Yes if the decree is by a court following due process of law.

Can parents readopt in this state? Is it mandatory? Not addressed in state statutes.

When will a U.S. birth certificate be issued? The probate court will file for a birth registration after receiving a request from the adoption parents and proof of the DOB and place of birth of the child.

ADOPTION FROM FOSTER CARE IN MICHIGAN

Are adoption subsidies available? When do they start and how long do they last? Yes, adoption subsidies are available for a special needs child as defined by one of the following: 3 years or older, but under 18 years, member of a minority or ethnic group, member of a sibling group of 2 or more children being placed together, has a physical, mental, emotional, or medical condition, is being adopted by a relative. The family background of the child and the adoption waiting time of the child may also be considered. In addition, the child must be in the custody of the Michigan court. Starts upon adoption placement.

Where can I learn more about the process of adopting a child from foster care in Michigan? http://www.michigan.gov/dhs/0,4562,7-124-60126_7116—,00.html

MICHIGAN ADOPTION UNIT
Child and Family Services Administration
PO Box 30037 — Suite 413
Lansing, MI 48909
(517) 373-3513
hanleyk@michigan.gov
http://www.michigan.gov/dhs/0,4562,7-124-60126_7116—,00.html